Sleep Disorders are medical ailments which affect the sleeping pattern of an individual. It can also affect animals in the same way. Generally, people find it difficult to sleep and take proper rest during the night, even if they get completely tired. However, sometimes these sleep disorder can become so chronic that they are capable enough to disturb mental, social, physical and emotional well-being
These days such disorders have been successful in capturing a large group of people as stress, anxiety, and depression are disturbing everyday life. People are struggling with mental pressure and loss of interest and such circumstances are elevating sleep ailments. This is even more common in adults as they aspire to grow high and earn more in lesser time. There are several other types which are affecting a number of people in other ways.
Which Type Of Sleeping Disorder Has Affected Your Life? Know About All The Major Kinds Below:
Insomnia is the most commonly found disorder as suggested by sleep disorder psychology. In such condition, it becomes difficult for a person to get into a slumber. They even find it harder enough to retain the sleep for the recommended 8 hours. It can be caused by the adverse effect of any medication, biological factors, environmental disturbances, depression, and anxiety.
There is one another type of sleep disorder called Somnambulism. It is a health condition in which a person walks during sleep. Somnambulism occurs when the person attains deep slumber. Sitting up on the bed, walking towards loo, knocking doors in sleep are some of the common signs. People suffering from such illness cannot recall the action they did as their brain gets transformed into some other state. Hence, people usually do not remember even they walked downstairs and fell. Extreme fatigue and slow maturing of brain cells can cause somnambulism.
➢ Central Sleep Apnea
This is medical condition during which the brain quits working over sending a signal to the breathing muscles. This results in low oxygen and an expanded level of carbon dioxide in the circulatory systems. Meanwhile, the brain adjusts over the expanded level of carbon dioxide and if the individual tries to take a breath, wheezing or now and again gagging sound happens due to a slower rate of breath. Central Sleep Apnea can be caused by serious coronary illness, cerebrovascular ailments, and reactions to any strong medication.
➢ Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is another sort of sleep disorder. Under this health issue, the air section is impeded and one can’t calmly inhale while dozing. There can be several factors leading to such ailments as a deviation of the nose bone, swollen nose channels or back of the tongue may fall in reverse which prompts breakage in the wind stream. So when an individual tries to take a breath, these conditions impede the air entry and decline oxygen supply to blood. This is a more critical apnea and people awake suddenly to get back into normal respiration.
Narcolepsy is generally a neurological disorder under which an individual’s sleep-wake cycle is interrupted. As a result, one cannot take proper sleep during the night and feels drowsy all throughout the day. Narcolepsy can be caused by extreme work pressure, agitation, depression, and excessive thinking. It usually occurs when the person shifts from deep sleep to rapid eye movement phase. It is because of the disturbances in rapid eye movement a person suffers sleep attacks in this illness. It is a chronic disorder and if not treated well, it can even last for a longer time.
➢ Jet Lag
There is a temporary form of a sleep disorder called Jet lag. It usually happens when a person keeps rotating the work-shifts from one to another time-zone. This rapid shifting disturbs the circadian rhythm which regulates the sleep-wake cycle. Travelling from one time zone to another promotes certain complications like difficulty falling asleep, fatigue, headaches and irritability. This a short-term illness and vanishes on its own once the person gets adjusted to a fixed time zone. Physical exercises, dietary supplements, and light therapy are effective jet lag treatments.
Here comes a different form of a sleep disorder called Hypersomnia. It is a medical condition in which the affected person suffers from excessive sleepiness during the daytime. Hypersomnias can let a person fall asleep anywhere, anytime and in any condition. This is caused by after-effects of some other sleep disorders. Sleep Apnea or Insomnia can often lead to Hypersomnia as if the person will not slumber at night, it will ultimately make him fall asleep during the daytime. Hypersomnia treatment depends on the type of disorder any individual is carrying. Treating the former will cure the latter undoubtedly.
How Do You Fight It?
Medical assistance and certain lifestyle changes can help in treating these sleep disorders. Proper consultation should be taken from a doctor before taking any medication. Avoiding alcohol, reducing stress, maintaining sleep regime, limiting caffeine intake, and following a healthy diet plan can assist in fighting with such ailment to a great extent.